Poverty amid Plenty in the New India. Poverty amid Plenty in the Atul Kohli, Princeton University, New Jersey. Publisher: . pp i-v. Access. PDF; Export citation. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Poverty Amid Plenty in the New India | India has one of the fastest growing economies on earth. Over the past three decades. Atul Kohli,Poverty Amid Plenty in the New India. New Delhi: PDF download for Book Review: Poverty Amid Plenty in the New India, Article Information.
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Poverty amid plenty in the new India, by Atul Kohli, Cambridge, Cambridge remarkable economic growth in India during the last three decades and the dis-. Poverty Amid Plenty in the New India [Atul Kohli] on ilalsmaknersound.ml *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. India has one of the fastest growing economies on earth. Poverty amid Plenty in the New India by Kohli, Atul, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, , xiii + pp. Yuko Tsujita. Institute of.
The conventional understanding of India is of strong historical legacies and path dependence. Most tend to see India through the lens of continuing chaos, disorder, and persistent violence and conflict.
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This is usually attributed to the nexus of old vested interests that are locked in. In contrast, this book gently urges us to shift the frames and thematic lenses through which we view India. India Since tells a story of a country experiencing multiple and simultaneous transformations. Conflict and violence is an ongoing reality in India but so is change and the persistent demand for development. According to the authors, this change in India has been long in the making but is no less significant as a result.
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I agree. Even if India, unlike many countries of the post-Communist region, did not experience a massive change in one instant, it is reaching a tipping point, when all the slow and incremental changes over the past decades are cumulating and coming together.
In this respect, the book is not alone, as many scholars on India have grappled with this issue. The important analytical question is: Do the changes described by the authors demand a new research agenda for the study of Indian politics and political economy?
I would argue for such a new framework and new research questions to understand the combination of the four revolutions. First, however, I have a few specific problems with some interpretations in the book.
The Indian story of change needs to be placed in comparative perspective. The revolutions in India are different from changes in post-Communist countries and in Latin America, and are even more striking for that reason. This comparative perspective implies that the puzzle of how change happens deserves serious analysis and that we should attend to the institutional fabric and global levers of change that may have created the conditions for many revolutions.
As the authors themselves document in the four chapters, change has crept in slowly and sometimes without design or intention. The book could also have focused attention on the ideational and conceptual frames in Indian politics that are melting into air.
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India offers a fascinating laboratory to the cultural historian, especially in the current era. Many postmodern scholars need to re-learn the skills of a historian to document the fascinating changes evident in the Indian discursive landscape and leave behind the fashionable theorizations that instead preoccupy them.
It is important to distinguish between two different kinds of consequences for democracy of the political mobilization that the authors describe.
India has witnessed not only the silent revolution—the rise of lower-caste and regional identities—but also the rise of the Hindutva movement, marked by the ascent of the Bharatiya Janata Party BJP. This rise of religious nationalism represents a shift toward a form of majoritarianism that may run counter to the trend toward greater representation.
So, India is undergoing two different social revolutions, and they run into different directions in terms of their effects. One effect is a positive one for representativeness and inclusiveness, and the other effect, while increasing elite competition, may have negative consequences for the quality of Indian democracy.
Ganguly and Mukherji, however, raise larger issues of the timing, causal mechanisms, and sources of the changes they describe so well.
Thus, the book calls for an analytical argument about causal drivers and levers of change. Perhaps that was not possible in a short book, but this argument deserves some discussion.
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Unfortunately, the political elites view it as a law and order problem instead of taking measures for the political problem rooted in growing inequality. Chapter 3 further develops the argument of the previous chapter and analyzes the economic impact of the emerging alliance between the government elites and business groups.
At least the processes of implementing economic reforms have been slow, particularly in terms of their links to the global economy, even since The chapter argues that some changes have been observed since the s. For example, the pattern of public investment, owing to better fiscal management, has shifted toward reduction in agriculture and industry.
There have been some policies to reduce poverty and improve human development. Under independent India's federal system, each state government has a degree of discretionary power to implement economic and social development policies. It is suggested in the previous chapter that the underlying causes of growing disparities are attributable to initial conditions and the quality of state government.
By reviewing each state's political history, the diversity of political patterns emerges. For example, a weak sense of public purpose in Uttar Pradesh run by personalistic and clientelistic political leaders mainly based on social strata i. In West Bengal, the elected Communist Party is well organized at the grassroots level. It is argued that such political diversity is deeply rooted in the indigenous caste structure, which interacts with the pattern of the land tenure system imposed by the colonial state, consequently playing a key role in each state's development in the long run.
Indeed, much academic research empirically shows that regional economic disparities have increased, but researchers are not entirely clear why this is so. However, this book documents the processes and mechanisms of the growing disparities among states and the leaving of the poor behind by incorporating historical and regional perspectives. It thereby greatly contributes to the illustration of the political and institutional mechanisms that cause widening economic disparities despite high economic growth in a democratic country.
This book makes some unique contributions as well. These findings are not only interesting contentions themselves but also support the main argument.
Overall, this book systematically illustrates the puzzle of widening economic disparity despite high economic growth and provides much deep insight on how India can be understood in terms of growth and inclusion within a framework of democracy. This book is, therefore, extremely worthwhile reading not only for those in academic circles but also for lay readers.In a democratic system, which India has great reason to value, addressing these failures requires not only significant policy rethinking by the government, but also a clearer public understanding of the abysmal extent of social and economic deprivations in the country.
This comparative perspective implies that the puzzle of how change happens deserves serious analysis and that we should attend to the institutional fabric and global levers of change that may have created the conditions for many revolutions.
As this process evolved and economic growth came to be led by the private sector, the business elites increasingly played a greater role in making national policies, particularly economic policies. The chapter argues that some changes have been observed since the s. Chapter 2 highlights the important political changes over the last three decades, during which the first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's vision of socialism as a principle of nation building was slowly but steadily transformed into a ruling alliance of the government and business elites.
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