This digitization was carried out in as a cooperative effort between the Naval War College and the Naval History and Heritage Command. It was overseen by the Naval War College Library. Funding was provided by the Naval War College Foundation, Newport, Rhode Island, with. “NIMITZ GRAY BOOK”. Volume 1 of 8. War Plans and Files of the Commander-in- Chief, Pacific Fleet. Running Estimate and Summary maintained by. Captain. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz confers with members of the press at Pacific Fleet The books were originally bound in gray-covered binders that gave the document .
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The Naval War College Library in Newport, R.I. publicly unveiled online the 4, -page “Gray Book” collection of Fleet Adm. Chester Nimitz. During the battles in the Pacific during World War II, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz kept a daily journal now referred to as the “Gray Book.” Bound in. War Plans and Files of the Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet Volume 1 Running Estimate and Summary maintained by. Captain James M.
Kimmel on Dec. After three years, he became a Fleet Admiral, a newly created five star rank.
Nimitz confers with from left to right Gen. Roosevelt and Adm. William D.
The pages of the Gray Book are fragile after decades of storage. After Feb. As the U. Henry Hendrix, Ph. Fleet Adm. I'm eager to see the collection discussed and to demonstrate the continued relevance of leveraging history in the decision making.
Pacific Admiral Chester W. Nimitz’s “Gray Book” Journal Digitized
Nearly three years later, he was advanced to the newly created rank of Fleet Admiral - five stars. Less than a year later, Sept. Including records from individual ships, readers can see how each piece fit into the larger whole - while the war was raging around them. The physical collection consists of 4, single-sided pages filling 28 bankers boxes held at the Operational Archives at the Washington Navy Yard in Washington, D.
The size and complexity of the document reflects the magnitude of the job Nimitz undertook commanding the Pacific fleet controlling the expanse of the Pacific Theater, which now comprises more than million square miles and more than half the earth's surface.
Nimitz engineered, as it were, the Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway; patiently but stubbornly he held out for the dual approach to Japan. He proposed the bold plan to go right into Kwajalein after securing the Gilberts, and he put it across, contrary to the advice of others.
He made only two possible mistakes in the war- detaching Admiral Kinkaid prematurely from his South Pacific task force, and rejecting Halsey's proposal that Peleliu be bypassed. Nimitz probably inspired a greater personal loyalty than did any other admiral in the war. Every commanding officer, when his ship, no matter how small, put in at Pearl Harbor, was encouraged to call on Nimitz at the Cincpac-Cincpoa headquarters in Makalapa and express his views.
Knowing that the finest test of a commanding officer is in Churchill's words "the quality of his effort," and that mistakes in battle are inevitable, Nimitz was slow to relieve any commanding officer who failed; he believed in the adage that every dog should be allowed two bites.
It may be conceded that he allowed one bite too many to certain task force commanders before he relieved them; but it was fortunate for the cause that he allowed two bites to Kelly Turner, who turned out to be a practitioner of amphibious warfare second to none.
Possesses that calm and steady going Dutch way that gets at the bottom of things. One of the cave-dwellers but determined to be a fusser. Spent two hours at his first hop picking up beads. Conducted a Plebe kindergarten Second Class year.
Mixer of famous punches. Still survives after two years of Stewart's rhino and comic opera. The detail in the message listed flight and ground schedules and included what type of fighter escort would be provided.
The decision of what to do with the information was left to Admiral Nimitz. Nimitz consulted Layton as to what the ramifications would be if Yamamoto were removed. They considered that he might be replaced with a better commander, and Nimitz felt familiar with Yamamoto as his opponent.
Chester W. Nimitz
Ricky J. Nussio, in Sherman and Nimitz: Executing Modern Information Operations He surrounded himself with the ablest men he could find and sought their advice, but he made his own decisions. He was a keen strategist who never forgot that he was dealing with human beings, on both sides of the conflict. He was aggressive in war without hate, audacious while never failing to weigh the risks.
The operations he directed and, to a large extent, devised involved projecting across the Pacific Ocean forces that blasted Japan and defeated an enormously expanded Japanese empire.
Potter, in Nimitz , p. They were thus thrown into the closest cooperation, though most of the time they were far apart geographically. They maintained a constant dialogue in the form of radio dispatches, often several a day, letters, exchanges of representatives, and periodic meetings, usually in the Federal Building, San Francisco, King flying there from Washington and Nimitz from his headquarters in the Pacific.
Though Admiral King's tone in communicating with Nimitz was occasionally acerbic, as was his nature, it is clear that the two commanders greatly respected each other. Although their styles were in sharp contrast, King and Nimitz were more alike than different.
Simplicity and directness were the keynotes of their characters. They were both dedicated to their country and to the Navy, though King's interests were more narrowly naval.
Both were men of integrity and keen intelligence, and both were born strategists and organizers, with a genius for clarifying and simplifying and a jaundiced eye for the useless complications and waste emotion. Their chief difference lay in their attitudes toward their fellow human beings.
King had little of Nimitz's understanding of, and empathy for, people. Said one of King's wartime associates, "Every great man has his blind spot, and his was personnel. The results were not always fortunate.
Several cases of his placing the wrong man in the wrong spot for the wrong reasons could be cited. Roosevelt received them in the Oval Office. He was obviously not well. His face was ashen and his hands trembled.
Yet he smiled and turned on the Roosevelt charm for his visitors. He listened with attention to the briefing and approved the strategy.
He said he was glad to see that the drives were directed toward the China coast, for he was determined to keep China in the war. Roosevelt noted that the plan did not carry through to the actual overthrow of the enemy and reminded his callers that in the Pacific war his objective was the defeat of Japan as soon as the Allies had enough forces. With regard to Manus, Roosevelt said he did not know exactly where it was and it was a matter for the Joint Chiefs to handle.
Lunch was served in the office, and afterward Roosevelt brought out a packet of enormous cigars, very dark in color, that Prime Minister Churchill had accidentally left in the White House. The President offered them around, but all his guests, like himself, were cigarette-smokers.
Legendary Admiral’s WWII Diary To Be Released Online
Admiral Nimitz said, however, that he'd like to take one to his housemate, Dr. Anderson, who smoke cigars. He'd have the doctor keep it for some special occasion. The President began asking irrelevant questions and making random comments. He was probably getting tired.
He asked Nimitz why, after the daring raid on Truk, he had sent his carriers to raid the Marianas. Since Roosevelt prided himself on keeping abreast of the progress of the war, he obviously knew the answer.
The question provided an opportunity for Nimitz to end the visit on a light note. Grinning, he said the question reminded him of the case of the elderly, fat hypochondriac who wanted to have his appendix removed. Because of his age and obesity, no local surgeon was willing to perform the operation.
At last the hypochondriac obtained the services of an eminent surgeon from out of town, and the appendectomy took place. When he regained consciousness, the patient, anxious about the operation, sent for the surgeon and asked about his condition. What causes that? In view of the circumstances, your case was a very special one, as you know.
A big group of my colleagues came to watch the operation. When it was over they gave me such a round of applause that I removed your tonsils as an encore.
President," said Nimitz, "that was the way it was. We just hit Tinian and Saipan for an encore. He was almost equally disturbed by an apparent change in the character of the U. He had expected that in wartime, with the great influx of reservists, the Navy would undergo change. But somehow he expected that, after the war, it would again become the almost intimate association of friends he had known in, say, his Augusta days.
Newly-Discovered Blueprints May Allow Legendary WWII Plane to Fly Again
He gradually realized that, so far as he was concerned, the Old Navy had gone forever. The Navy Department seemed to him now less like an association than like a corporation. In his own class of , midshipmen had been graduated. Even the immediate prewar classes never produced as many as graduates. By the Naval Academy was turning out graduates by the thousand, and to these was added an increasing influx of officers from the NROTCs. The Navy was acquiring more potential commanders than there were ships to command.
Nimitz, walking the corridors of the Navy Department building, was continually encountering officers he had never seen before.
Above all, Nimitz was tired. For six years he had been carrying heavy burdens and had had no leave to speak of.It is composed of many activities including the Navy Department Library, the Navy Archives, the Navy art and artifact collections, underwater archaeology, Navy history, nine museums, USS Constitution repair facility and the historic ship Nautilus. The President offered them around, but all his guests, like himself, were cigarette-smokers.
No similar compilation from the war is currently known to exist. Ricky J. It is first the assurance of our national security, and, second, the creation and perpetuation of that balance and stability among nations which will insure to each the right of self-determination under the framework of the United Nations Organization. Turner's name immediately resurfaced, but although he was a strong leader, the Marines were restive under Turner's government and there was the cloud of Savo Island over his head.
The documents have been scanned before, but the higher quality scans will offer researchers, scholars and enthusiasts a better way to search through the tome. It was consolidated by the subsequent reduction of these nations to their present impotence, in which the employment of naval air-sea forces against land objectives played a vital role.